Sustainable Business

PA 3

Business models for sustainability

“A business model for sustainability helps describing, analyzing, managing, and communicating (i) a company’s sustainable value proposition to its customers, and all other stakeholders, (ii) how it creates and delivers this value, (iii) and how it captures economic value while maintaining or regenerating natural, social, and economic capital beyond its organizational boundaries.”

Circular economy

The idea of a circular economy  (CE) is to replace the linear ‘cradle-to-grave’ approach with a circular ‘cradle-to-cradle’ model.  It is a model of production and consumption, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible.

Sharing economy

An economic system in which assets or services are shared between private individuals, either free or for a fee, typically by means of the internet.


Schaltegger, S., Hansen, E. G., & Lüdeke-Freund, F. (2016). Business models for sustainability: Origins, present research, and future avenues. Organization & Environment, 29(1), 3-10.

Mobilising information systems scholarship for a circular economy: Review, synthesis, and diections for future research.

Version log

PA113.2.2022John Krogstie, Leif Skiftenes Flak
PA130.3.2022John Krogstie  – Added some examples and explanation of core terms
PA130.4.2022Nevnt tilleggsdef: Green IT/Green ISGreenwashingEcological footprintComplianceForretningsmodeller  : JK, LSF
PA102.05.2022Leif Skiftenes Flak
Beskrevet tilleggsdef: Green IT/Green ISGreenwashingEcological footprintComplianceBusiness models (Forretningsmodeller)  
Lagt til def for:Business models for sustainability (Forretningsmodeller for bærekraftig utvikling)
Climate change measures 
Corporate digital responsibility – CDR 
PA112.05.2022Leif Skiftenes Flak Oppdateringer etter møte i arbeidsgruppen.
Tatt ut business modelsForenklet definisjon av GreenwashingFlyttet circular economy til Sustainable business models
PA 115.5.2022John Krogstie – Restrukturert dokument 
PA210.10.2022John Krogstie – Etter review . Kommentrarer fra reviewere (Trude Hole og Eivind Brevik) tatt inn, men detaljerte approaches tatt videresendt til materiality analysis-dokumentet
PA310.10.2022John Krogstie – Basismateriale for web av denne
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